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Our Field Ecology Center published more than 180 methodical materials for nature studies. Some of them are in English:
Mobile educational application: Ecological Field Studies Techniques on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of North America: Songs and Calls Decoys on Play.Google WILD FLOWERS OF RUSSIA Field Identification Guide on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google
Mobile Educational Apps and Field Identification Guides for Russian, European and American Birds
Applications for Android and iOS are available at GooglePlay and AppStore

Please indicate our source ecosystema.ru if you publish these materials in the Internet.

Study of Forest Invertebrates (Part 2: Grass Layer, Tree Crowns and Air)

© Alexsander S. Bogolyubov, Russia, 2001

© Michael J. Brody, USA, 2003

Study of forest invertebrates (Part 2: grass layer, tree crowns and air)This lesson continues the study of forest invertebrate studies and includes a description of equipment for field studies as well as a description of techniques for collection and census of invertebrates inhabiting grass, tree crowns and shrubs, as well as flying invertebrates.

This field study has instructional video featuring real students conducting the ecological field techniques in nature. Each video illustrates the primary instructional outcomes and the major steps in accomplishing the task including reporting the results.

Introduction

This field study continues the study of invertebrate animals found in different environments. The first part of the lesson describes the procedures for collecting and censusing insects in the forest litter and wood. Students will learn procedures for collection and censusing of invertebrates inhabiting the grass layer, and tree crowns, as well as flying invertebrates. The introduction of the field study is devoted to general rules of entomological studies and general provisions for procedures of collection and census of invertebrates found in the previous lesson devoted to this topic.

Organization of studies

First, students will learn the different types of habitats of invertebrates and the corresponding ecological groups. The following habitats are found within a forest: soil, forest litter, grass layer, wood (trunks of trees and stumps), crowns of shrubs and trees and the surrounding air environment. Field studies are organized in accordance with this structure; each of these habitats is investigated consecutively.

When preparing for this activity, students should be reminded of the general rules of invertebrate collection, as well as the main techniques and instruments for their collection. We recommend discussing in more detail the ecological groups of invertebrates found in the habitats under study - grass layer, tree crowns and air environment, as well as techniques and instruments of animal collection in these environments.

Practical studies should begin with a lesson devoted to mastering techniques of censusing and collection of invertebrates in grass, tree crowns and in air. The whole group works together during this introductory field session to conduct "demonstrative" censusing following each technique in one of the typical biotopes in the immediate vicinity of the school or field studies center.

The main part of the field research is organized in the following way. The group of students is divided into working teams of 2-3 persons and each team is given an assignment - to study a different biotope within the area under study. When studying a grass layer, habitats can include different types of meadows (for example, a dry meadow at watershed sites and a floodplain meadow), clearings in a forest, agricultural lands, etc. While studying tree crowns they can include crowns of different tree and shrub species or crowns of the same plant species growing in different plant associations, or biotopes. As for the air environment, the diversity of habitats of flying insects is rather high. It is possible to compare forests and open biotopes, natural and urban landscapes, areas at different distances away from a water body, etc.

In regard to techniques for catching and censusing flying invertebrates, it is possible to limit students to two simple methods: a relative route (visual) count of day butterflies and a night census with the help of a light trap (see below). Other techniques for catching flying invertebrates can be used at the discretion of the teacher based on the availability of "student power" resources and time.

One census according to each of the techniques is carried out in each of the biotopes found within the area under study. As in the first part of the field study on forest invertebrates, it is possible to limit the analysis to the following parameters:

- Total taxonomic lists of invertebrates found in different habitats;

- Diversity of species (number of species) in different habitats ...

 

This was only the first page from the manual and its full version you can see in the

Our Paperback and eBooks on Amazon, Google Play and App Store

It is possible to purchase our books about nature investigation with students on Amazon.com:

"Investigating Nature Together" eBooks:

Amazon eBook Investigating Nature Together. Part 1: Autumn Amazon eBook Investigating Nature Together. Part 2: Winter Amazon eBook Investigating Nature Together. Part 3: Spring Amazon eBook Investigating Nature Together. Part 4: Summer

and Paperback: Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer

and

"Field Studies Techniques" eBooks:

Amazon eBook Field Studies Techniques. Part 1: Geography and Landscape sciences Amazon eBook Field Studies Techniques. Part 2: Botany Amazon eBook Field Studies Techniques. Part 3: Zoology Amazon eBook Field Studies Techniques. Part 4: Hydrobiology and Water Ecology Amazon eBook Field Studies Techniques. Part 5: Bioindication and Nature Monitoring

and Paperback: Geography, Botany, Zoology, Hydrobiology, Bioindication


All these manuals you can also purchase in the form of applications for smartphones and tablets on Google Play and App Store
Mobile educational application Ecological Field Studies Techniques: Investigating Nature with Kids

 

Other Ecological Field Studies Instructive Manuals:

Autumn Season
Book on Amazon

  1. Orienteering in the Forest
  2. Procedure of the Geological Exposure Description
  3. Plotting a Profile of a River Valley Slope
  4. Simple Procedure of Soil Description
  5. Assessment of the Vital State of a Forest Based on Pine-tree Analysis
  6. Study of Species Composition and Number of Fungi
  7. Study of Species Composition and Census of Birds Using the Line Transect-counting Method
  8. Integrated Study Based on Landscape Profile
  9. Complex Environmental Assessment of Human Impact on an Area
  10. Assessment of Air Pollution by Lichen Indication Method

Winter Season
Book on Amazon

  1. Making a Campfire
  2. Simple "Eye" Survey of the Field Study Site
  3. Study of Growth Dynamics of Trees Based on Annual Rings
  4. Mapping Forest Vegetation
  5. Green Plants Under Snow
  6. Methods of Observation of a Chickadee Flock's Territorial Behavior
  7. Procedure of Winter Mammals Route Census by Footprints
  8. Study of Mammal Ecology According to Their Tracks
  9. Physical and Chemical Properties of Natural Waters
  10. Study of Snow Cover Profile

Spring Season
Book on Amazon

  1. Let's Help Birds!
  2. Study of the Ecology of Early Flowering Plants
  3. Phenology of Plant Florescence
  4. Assessment of the Vital State of Coniferous Underbrush
  5. Study of Forest Invertebrates (Part I: Forest Litter, Wood)
  6. Studies of Species Composition and Abundance of Amphibians
  7. Studying Minerals and Rocks in Your Area
  8. Studies of the Day Activity of Singing Birds
  9. Studies of Bird Populations Size by Different Methods
  10. Study of Fauna of Spring Temporary Water Bodies

Summer Season
Book on Amazon

  1. Making a Herbarium
  2. The Study of Plants in Your Local Environment
  3. Study of the Vertical Structure of a Forest
  4. Study of Forest Invertebrates (Part 2: Grass Layer, Tree Crowns and Air)
  5. Study of Birds' Nesting Life
  6. Complex Comparative Description of Small Rivers and Streams
  7. The Study of Water Invertebrates in a Local River and Assessment of Its Environmental State
  8. Study of Plankton
  9. Assessment of Ecological Features of Meadows on the Base of Vegetation Cover
  10. Assessment of Environmental State of the Forest Based on Leaves' Asymmetry


Our Field Ecology Center published more than 180 methodical materials for nature studies. Some of them are in English:
Mobile educational application: Ecological Field Studies Techniques on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of North America: Songs and Calls Decoys on Play.Google WILD FLOWERS OF RUSSIA Field Identification Guide on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google
Mobile Educational Apps and Field Identification Guides for Russian, European and American Birds
Applications for Android and iOS are available at GooglePlay and AppStore

Recommend this page to your friends:

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© Ёкологический центр "Ёкосистема"Щ, ј.—. Ѕоголюбов / © Field Ecology Center "Ecosystem"Щ, Alexander Bogolyubov, 2001-2020